One solution to this problem was to bring together municipalities to facilitate the sharing of financial and technical resources. The facilities for the urban communities of Montreal and Quebec City, which were built in the s, accounted for 60 per cent of the wastewater treatment capacity in Quebec at that time. Wikipedia French only, but feel free to use Google Translate: Rapport , June Following governmental initiatives in and , however, the terms of the debate drifted away from these concerns, and issues surrounding water contamination would be addressed only as a public health problem. Oppositions between municipalities and industries were one aspect of a larger debate surrounding the coordination of river users and uses throughout drainage basins.
Its authority was further undermined when municipalities opposed each other or confronted the provincial government, especially over matters concerning the devolution of responsibilities for the source of river contamination and the residual authority to manage the infrastructure needed for decontamination. Urban population of the six municipalities, — A water body some one hundred kilometres long between La Tuque and Shawinigan, the river was an attraction for the members of the St. Leave a Reply Comments shall appear when approved – see “about” section Cancel reply Enter your comment here Article body When it created the Water Purification Board in , the Quebec government intended to proceed with a major reorganization of the municipal drinking water and wastewater treatment system throughout the province. Local debates illustrated the limited effectiveness of provincial policies and the inability—or lack of inclination—of political authorities to capture the political dynamics in regional settings. Radio-Canada every Tuesday at 8: Because of its geographical position on the last portion of the river before it reached the Saint-Lawrence, and because it was the largest urban centre in the drainage basin, the City of Saint-Hyacinthe was notably concerned by the water quality of the Yamaska.
You are commenting using your Twitter account. Thus, another dimension of the problem of water pollution was the need to arbitrate divergent interests among the multiple riverine stakeholders for decisions on the financing and location of sanitary infrastructure. Although water pollution emerged as a public problem more or less simultaneously throughout the province, the identification of its causes and remedies raised locally specific issues that inhibited the implementation of a single solution.
Pollution in Urban and Industrial European Societiesed. However, it ran across an agricultural region that was intensifying its production in the second half of twentieth century.
In line with the guidelines of the Water Board, the plan addressed episdoe municipalities, but at the expense of rural areas.
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University of Pittsburgh Press, ; Craig E. For example, the Department yamasa Agriculture made the drainage of agricultural land a priority, and runoff actually increased, despite measures by the Department of Lands and Forests, such as the reforestation of riverbanks, to reduce the impact of agricultural activities on the river.
Yamaska — 1, viewers per episode. TVA every Monday at 9: The board implemented stricter regulations and forced cities to build water treatment plants—fifty-three plants had been built over the previous three years, and eighty-seven were under xaison urged municipalities to acquire waterworks owned by private companies for the operation of a municipal water system.
The provincial government undertook institutional reforms to resolve a fiscal crisis for municipalities facing an imbalance between their revenues and expenses. By identifying, at the local level, representations of water pollution and practices put forward to prevent contamination, the article sheds light on the difficulties surrounding the establishment of water treatment infrastructure in municipalities across Quebec between and You are commenting using your WordPress.
At this latitude of the Saint-Maurice River, the main contaminant was not a tiny fecal coliform, but rather the four-foot logs driven down the river by the hundreds of millions.
Following governmental initiatives in andhowever, the yamzska of the debate drifted away from these concerns, and issues surrounding water contamination would be addressed only as a public health problem. The algae found its nutrients in discharges from the town of Waterloo and runoff from agricultural activities. Moreover, by expanding the fluvial space affected by the presence of contaminants, these institutions extended the number of community members called upon to react to the alteration of the riverine environment, and provided a forum for the articulation of a common understanding of pollution problems.
The following summer, however, the Committee for the Development, Purification, and Water Protection of the Mauricie, chaired by Vaillancourt, found that water contamination at the Saint-Quentin Island beach reached five times the standards set by the Department of Health.
To justify its interventionism in that domain across Quebec, the provincial government invoked the situation of the Island of Montreal, where the city centre, constantly at odds with the suburbs, had been postponing the building of a wastewater treatment plant, an intervention deemed necessary by the Provincial Health Service since However, riparian actors articulated rationales wherein problems of water pollution at the local, regional, and national scales were addressed in different terms.
All of these shows air once a week. Debates on drinking water quality were all the more attenuated by the fair distance that separated the riverine municipalities, as was the need for regional cooperation to coordinate the uses of the Saint-Maurice or to construct wastewater treatment facilities for downstream municipalities.
The contamination of drinking water had been within the purview of the provincial health service since the late nineteenth century, but outside the realm of sanitary experts and urban reformists, the population had expressed little concern over such issues. Difficulties in obtaining cooperation among river users became more complex when the provincial government attempted to coordinate its departmental interventions for the integrated management of the Yamaska River.
A number of these shows feature people already mentioned in earlier posts. Created to combat water pollution throughout the province inthe Ontario commission primarily targeted domestic sewage waters, and built municipal treatment plants that it initially managed before transferring the responsibility to the municipalities.
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Water pollution appeared as a national problem and the subject of a consensual definition, but regional debates constrained the successful implementation of a provincial policy for water sanitation across Quebec municipalities.
TVA every Wednesday at 8: Local debates illustrated the limited effectiveness of provincial policies and the inability—or lack of inclination—of political authorities to capture the political dynamics in regional settings.
Maurice Yacht Club had built a hamaska to accommodate the growing number of outboards. According to them, rural municipalities contributed to the pollution of the Yamaska as much as any urban centre, especially because of agricultural runoff, yet little was demanded of them. Despite the intensive industrial activity around the Saint-Maurice River and the concomitant pollution load, a systematic study of the river and its water was undertaken only inwhen the Environmental Protection Services launched the second phase of the Quebec river survey initiated by yamaeka Water Board in This post might be of added interest to Anglophones who want to better their French, since many of the programs listed below are shown across Canada on television.
Improvement materialized in the following decade. TVA every Monday at 8: Insix years after the Department of Environment launched the Quebec Water Purification Program with seven billion dollars to invest over a seven-year period, only 6.
National and Local Definitions of an Environmen – Urban History Review – Érudit
You episoode commenting using your Facebook account. The Water Purification Board saiskn legal powers and centralized prerogatives formerly shared among public administration entities such as the Department of Health and the Public Utilities Board; all projects dealing with water conduits, sewer mains and wastewater treatment were now the responsibility of the Water Purification Board. Une histoire environnementale Montreal: The provincial government formally recognized the problem of water pollution in Quebec in Augustwhen it passed the act respecting the pollution of water.
Beak, Report on Survey of St. Francis River brings some improvement to the lives of citizens of Sherbrooke, but they would benefit more from the sanitation of the Magog River, even if one considers only the perspective of leisure. They not only had to reconcile their activities and uses of the Yamaska River, but jamaska their understanding of who was responsible for the causes of water pollution, as the alternate singling out of contaminants of domestic, industrial, and agricultural origin thwarted riverine relations.
His latest yamasja is Le gouvernement des ressources naturelles: He has published articles on the relationships between urban societies and riverine environments. With Matthew Evenden, he co-edited Urban Waters:
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