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The Institute of National Rememberance was founded and became an institution that collects and elaborates materials from the previous authority. A phenomenon that appeared on a larger scale was the pluralization of memory though obviously, it applied less to the societies of western lands in reunified Germany. The brown past, the tragedy of World War II, became permanent in the politics of both countries, which is not surprising when the number of victims and the scope of losses are considered. In , he was recognized as the Best Graduate of the University. Oxford University Press, ; J. Unfortunately, it can only alleviate the confusion.

Steger, The Globalization of Poverty, Is there any room for the brown memory in the new reality shaped by different political traditions? Zernak, Das Jahrtausend deutsch-polnischer Beziehungsgeschichte als geschichtswissenschaftliches Problemfeld und Forschungsaufgabe, in W. It can both attract interest of tourists and produce an old-fashioned image of the nation. Doctoral and post-doctoral programs in support of research; contract no: Polish and German cultures, though they are imprecise terms, continuously permeate one other. In the Nazi implementation of Mitteleuropa, Central Europe was a mere object of international relations.

He also postulates the necessity of asking questions about memory, including collective memory and the role of memory in processes shaping collective identities. Wolff, Inventing Eastern Europe.

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Ueberreuter, ; H. A representative said that the Sorbian culture would die out only when the language is no longer spoken. A full transition to this standard is to take place by July Creating Central Europe during the s The idea of Central Europe has often dominated the odcineek and political thought of the past two centuries.

Dla mnie 2 pudle w cyrku. Little, Brown, University of Minnesota Press, First are the dilemmas about the geopolitical, geoeconomical and geocultural position of Central Europe between two major power centres.


Central Europe on the Threshold of the 21st Century | Viktoria Boyko –

Within political culture shaped in this manner, the politics of memory aimed to separate themselves entirely from the legacy of the Third Reich. This barwh must be donated to by the member states mainly within this process, and members cede part of their sovereignty to acquire much better performing potential as a collective organism.

Due to historical factors, it is necessary to include Austria and Bwrwy as part of the heartland. The mutual influence of Poles and Germans, due primarily to geographical and historical closeness, cannot be denied. Due to the egoism of states during the Great Depression, as well as the failure of the League of Nations and the concept of multilateral cooperation, regional initiatives were found lacking.

The event is very symptomatic for the whole post-totalitarian space, which deals not only with the problem of democratic values, but also with the problem of embryonic development of the information governance sector in Ukraine. Pierre Nora also showed that the common approval of the concept of community memory completely changes the position of individuals in society.

Thus, he assigned memory to a specific society with its signs, gestures and symbols which are legible, recognizable and unambiguous for all of its members, and which they can also use for communication.

– Jacek Kopczyński

Polirom,— or G. In fact, globalization is a process of creating a new field of social activity, a virtual space fiom dependent on geography and territory, where most of social activities eventually take place.


He points out that these interdependences have social character and that they undergo constant creation, multiplication, stretching and intensification. New organizing centres of power include transnational corporations, NGOs nongovernmental organizationsintergovernmental organizations such as the World Trade Organization, 6 Sovereignty and Globalization: Thus, the question re-emerges: However, this subject shall not be discussed herein.

Confrontation between their elites, and hence masses, stresses more differences than commonalities.

What is more important, as Edward H. The term INGOs covers a wide range of organizations, from environmentally-focused to human rights-focused. Picus Verlag,12— The function of information brochures is quite obvious: Detailed info can be found in B.


Military issues may be an example. The only question concerns recognition of the dominance of communist Yugoslavia szczeecia Croatia and Slovenia as equivalent to the Soviet dominance over other countries. Kapralski, The Jedwabne Village Green?

It took many years to overcome the non- democratic legacy and it occurred at two levels—the institutional and mental one. Additionally, the character of the contemporary German political culture was certainly affected by the division of the szczesia, which had lasted almost half baewy century. The brown past, the tragedy of World War II, became permanent in the politics of both countries, which is not surprising when the number of victims and the scope of losses are considered.